The term 'algae' is used to refer to a diverse group of aquatic, estuarine and marine plant organisms, which range in size from microscopic (microalgae) to many metres in length. There are more than 30,000 fresh water and salt water species of algae.
Approximately 1,000 algae species studied show as potential for biofuels, meeting the general requirements for algae production. More specifically fewer than 100 are being actively researched. These algae species one primarily unicellular or diatom microalgae, producing either:
Algae.Tec’s primary focus has been directed toward microalgae as the most efficient photosynthesis species for biofuels production. The optimum selection of the algal species for biofuels production depends on the ability to sustain the culture (resilience and reliability); species growth rate; the biomass specific contents of lipids, carbohydrates and proteins (combined productivity); and the overall supporting photosynthesis environment. Algae.tec has identified several suitable microalgae.